We have the right to defend ourselves and our property, because of the kind of animals that we are. True law derives from this right, not from the arbitrary power of the omnipotent state. Natural law has objective, external existence.
The Alien and Sedition Acts: Congress passed the Patriot Act shortly after the September 11 terrorist attacks. Did this law go too far in the name of national security? Terrorists struck America on September 11, Highjacking four planes, they flew two of them into the World Trade Center towers in New York and another into the Pentagon in Washington.
The fourth plane crashed in Pennsylvania before it reached its target in Washington. Within two hours, both of the massive story twin towers had collapsed. A wing of the Pentagon was severely damaged. More than 3, people died in the attacks.
Two days later, the White House identified the culprits as members of Al Qaedaan Islamic fundamentalist terrorist group based in Afghanistan but with terrorist cells throughout the world. The hijackers had worked out of Al Qaeda terrorist cells operating in the United States.
No one knew whether more terrorist attacks were coming. Soon after September 11, U. Attorney General John Ashcroft brought before Congress a list of recommended changes in the law to combat terrorism.
Some of these measures had long been opposed by members of Congress as infringing on the rights of Americans. But September 11 had swept away all previous objections. Only one senator, Russell Feingold D-Wis.
The next day, the House of Representatives passed the bill The final bill was pages long and changed more than 15 existing laws. Most of the Justice Department's recommendations were incorporated into it, but several provisions will expire in On October 26, President George W.
Bush signed the Patriot Act into law. He praised the "new tools to fight the present danger.
The Patriot Act and Privacy Some of the most controversial parts of the Patriot Act surround issues of privacy and government surveillance. The Fourth Amendment to the U. Constitution protects the "right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures.
To get a warrant, officers must make sworn statements before a judge "particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized. Federal law requires that officers report to the court on the results of the search.
Surveillance such as wiretaps and physical searches requires officers to prove "probable cause" of criminality. Even before the Patriot Act, there were exceptions under federal law.
One was for so-called "pen-trap" orders. To obtain from a telephone company the numbers dialed to and from a particular telephone, officers must get a pen-trap order from a judge. They do not need to show probable cause, but must certify that the information is needed for an ongoing criminal investigation.
The reason for the lesser standard is that these records are far less intrusive than wiretaps and physical searches.Modern opposition to natural law and natural rights. During the nineteenth century the advocates of limitless state power made a comeback with new rhetoric, (the utilitarians) or the same old rhetoric dressed in new clothes), and in the twentieth century they .
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You Have Not Saved Any Essays. between a United States citizen's individual rights and safety for the general public order. As the. Essays Related to Individual Rights Versus Public Order.
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Individual vs. State Rights essaysThe Controversy of Individual Versus State Rights The Declaration of Independence originally established different rights for the population of the United States in which gave the people rights of freedom that the citizens needed and a norm to have a guide for the.
Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. Culture, religion and social factors may also affect statements of individual rights adopted by a nation thereby making critical analysis of such factors essential prior to adoption of individual rights.
Toleration. The heart of tolerance is self-control. When we tolerate an activity, we resist our urge to forcefully prohibit the expression of activities that we find unpleasant.